Swimming is defined as using your arms and legs to move through water. When you do the backstroke or breaststroke in your pool, this is an example of swimming.
Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that
requires the use of one’s entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water (e.g., in a sea or lake). Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sport sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke, ordered as backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle.
Evidence of recreational swimming in prehistoric times has been found,
with the earliest evidence dating to Stone Age paintings from around 10,000
years ago. Written references date from 2000 BC, with some of the earliest
references to swimming including the lliad, the Odyssey, the Bible, Beowulf,
the Quran and others.
Swimming emerged as a competitive recreational activity in the 1830s in
England. In 1828, the first indoor swimming pool, St George’s Baths was opened to the public. By 1837, the National Swimming Society was holding regular swimming competitions in six artificial swimming pools, built around London.
The recreational activity grew in popularity and by 1880, when the first
national governing body, the Amateur Swimming Association was formed, there were already over 300 regional clubs in operation across the country.
Here are 5 basic swimming skills that pupils are taught:
- 1. Breathing. This is a frequently overlooked basic skill, but it is an important one.
- 2. Floating. Before pupils start kicking and stroking, they are first taught how to float in the water.
- 3. Well coordinated body movements.
- 4. Kicking.
- 5. Strokes.
Benefits of swimming
Swimming is a good all-round activity because it:
- keeps your heart rate up but takes some of the impact stress off your body.
- builds endurance, muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness.
- helps maintain a healthy weight, healthy heart and lungs.
- tones muscles and builds strength